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Posted - 20/04/2005 :  08:19:03  Show Profile  Visit ggab's Homepage  Send ggab an ICQ Message  Click to see ggab's MSN Messenger address  Reply with Quote
What a great tutorial Patrick Demski has done!

Overclocking The 3dfx Voodoo 5500

Article by Patrick Demski - 01/15/2003

Over a year ago I built my first computer system from the motherboard up. Since I wanted a high-performance box that could also run Red Baron 3D, I had to go with a 3dfx graphics card. I chose the Voodoo 5500 because I had one in my current system & was familiar with its configuration and performance tweaks. I also decided that since I was already elbow-deep in hardware tinkering with the rest of the system, I'd take the time to mod the V5 before installation so that it could be reliably overclocked.

Despite the age of this particular piece of hardware, there are still a lot of people running it in their boxes because they need Glide support and it's still readily available on eBay. For anyone interested in trying to get the most out of it, here's an article about the mods I made to my card and the results that I got.


Over the last few years I've read a lot of good stuff and some BS on the subject of overclocking CPUs, buses, vid cards, whatever. Just so we're all starting on the same page, here's a quick overview of overclocking in general.

Overclocking anything in a PC means that you're going to increase the clock speed of the device beyond manufacturer's spec so that the length of one processing cycle will decrease and hopefully you can push the clock speed fast enough that real-world performance is noticeably improved. The clock of any digital device is just a generator chip and a crystal oscillator. The clock generator chip can usually be stepped faster or slower through a simple software interface (more on this for the Voodoo 5500 later). Stepping the clock frequency is the easy part but getting the device to function reliably at increased speed is the trick.

Every electronic device is spec'd by the manufacturer to operate at a stated clock frequency. In the case of the V5, this is 166 MHz. The spec clock frequency is determined by the circuit design of the device itself, the bus and other external devices to which it's connected, the semiconductor fabrication process used to manufacture the device and various marketing considerations. Combinations of these factors impact any attempt to overclock a device. Looking at how some of these apply to the Voodoo 5500 in particular:

1. The Circuit Design

The V5 is a dual-processor video card with 64 Mb of memory. The dual graphics processors on the V5 are a 3dfx design called the V-100 processor. The card design was 3dfx's final attempt to trump nVidia in the high-performance 3D graphics accelerator market (actually, there was a prototype Voodoo 6000 with four V-100 processors that never got to production).

Users of earlier 3dfx products are familiar with an architectural feature called Scanned-Line Interleaving (or SLI). This allowed the connection of two Voodoo cards in a single PC so that they functioned as one, high-performance unit. An SLI configuration requires a special cable. The V5 architecture is essentially like two separate 3dfx 32 Mb cards that are SLI-connected but without the cost and inconvenience of two physical cards and a cable. This means that the ability to OC any given V5 depends on both of the processors and the on-card SLI bus operating compatibly at the higher clock speed three major processing components instead of the one found on a single-processor vid card. No matter how many neat mods you apply to the card, you may have a dog that operates OK in-spec, but doesn't OC at all. Another card with the same mods will allow you to crank it up by 30 MHz. It's just the luck of the draw.

One other circuit design factor worth mentioning is the video memory. 3dfx went with standard SDRAM from a variety of manufacturers. SDRAM in general does not OC well at all. I can't confirm this definitely, but I've read claims that the SDRAM on a V5 from certain manufacturers will take OC'ing better than others in particular, Hyundai memory modules. This info originates with reports of overclocking the Voodoo 3000, so I'm not sure how applicable it is the the V5. In any event, the Voodoo 5500s with Hyundai memory seem to all be very early production units. If you're buying a Voodoo 5500, try to get one with memory modules from Hyundai (can't hurt, might help) I've also seen cards with Toshiba and Hitachi memory, and supposedly these are not as good for overclocking. The board described in this article has Hyundai modules and, for whatever it's worth, I experienced no problems getting it to run OC'd.

2. The Semiconductor Fab Process

Electronic devices chips are manufactured in a facility called a fab, and each fab supports one or more processes. Processes are a synthesis of the kinds of materials used to construct circuit elements (CMOS, gallium arsenide, silicon germanium), and the discrete manufacturing steps that achieve a minimum possible element size. So, you'll see semiconductor fabrication processes referred to, for example, as 0.25 CMOS. This means that it's possible, using this process, to fabricate CMOS circuit elements as small as 0.25 microns in size. Common sizes are 0.35, 0.25, 0.15 and most recently 0.13 and even 0.10 micron.

Each process specs an operating max frequency for their circuit elements. Pushing past that frequency results in either an electrical or a thermal-mode failure. An electrical-mode failure is due to the device having significantly different electrical characteristics at the higher frequency than it does within its normal operating band. In other words, you can only increase the clock speed on a V5 to a certain maximum before one or more electrical circuit elements fail, stopping the operation of the chip where it's located. I mentioned earlier that the Voodoo 5500 uses SDRAM for video memory & SDRAM doesn't OC very well it's a good bet that the max operating frequency of a V5 is going to be limited by the memory rather than any other component. There's nothing that can be done externally to increase this maximum, it's just physics in action. In general, the smaller the geometry the higher the frequency that components fabbed in a particular process can support.

The other failure mode is thermal. Circuit elements give off heat when they operate and if that heat is not carried off quickly enough, individual elements will fail either temporarily or permanently. Running any device at a higher frequency generates more heat than normal. It's easily possible to experience a thermal mode failure long before reaching the maximum operating frequency.

That's what overclocking is all about. The goal of any OC'ing technique is to ensure that the circuit does not experience a thermal breakdown before hitting the max possible operating frequency.

There's one other problem with operating electronics outside of their normal frequency range. Over the lifetime of a chip, it's circuit elements will switch untold bazillions of times. This normal operation causes the materials that the chip is made from to slowly change characteristics until the chip eventually fails completely. Consumer semiconductors use fabrication processes that are designed to allow a 10-year lifespan under normal operating conditions. Operating at higher-than-spec frequency tends to accelerate the "aging process" resulting in early failure. This applies even to chips that are well-cooled and run at reasonably low temperatures. It's impossible to say how much earlier for any given board, but OC'ing any electronic component measurably shortens its lifespan. For this reason, even if you're successful in getting your V5 to overclock, you should run it in this mode as sparingly as possible.

3. Marketing Considerations

Occasionally, a chip manufacturer will market products with an operating speed spec'd significantly lower than the device's capabilities (during those rare times when every fab employed is producing high-quality parts & good yield so you really don't have lesser-grade parts). There was a wave of interest in overclocking the early AMD Duron processors when people noticed that, with a few cooling mods, you could push the speed up by 30% of the spec'd clock frequency. Chip manufacturers do this to maintain the most profitable market segmentation between the low-end and high-end of their product line.

The Voodoo 5500 was supposed to reclaim the top of the vid card market from nVidia. They wanted screaming performance and you can take it to the bank that 166 MHz was the maximum speed possible while still maintaining reliability in normal operation for the production version of this product in stock configuration, . Don't expect to push it very far beyond this. In fact, the results that I got with the mods described in this article show that the V5 tops out at around 193-195 MHz about a 16-17% bump above spec while maintaining stability. This figure was confirmed by comparing notes with some others who OC'd V5s. Although it's possible to push the speed even higher with certain applications, getting a Voodoo 5500 to run reliably for an extended period of time above 200 MHz is probably not possible.

OK, so, the goal of this whole exercise is to provide the Voodoo 5500 with best cooling possible, fixing some of its out-of-the-box design problems, so that we can push the clock to it's maximum possible frequency before hitting electrical or thermal failure. Here's the mods that I put on mine & the results that I got.

Step 1 Remove The Stock HSF Hardware

When the Voodoo 5500 first appeared in mid-2000, it included the then-novelty of active cooling for the dual graphics processors. Unfortunately, the components and assembly technique that 3dfx used were so poor that it negated much of the benefit that could have been realized by doing it. So, this is the first thing that needs attention.

Fig 1

Fig 2

Figures 1 & 2 above show the stock V5. The 3dfx V-100 graphics processors are underneath the fans. The five large chips directly above the processors are two memory modules, the clock generator and then two more memory modules. I've already started things by pulling one of the fans off just remove the four Philips-head screws in each corner of the fan, pull the power connector off the stakes on the board, and the fan comes right off. You can toss the fans they'll be replaced with some much better units.

Now we come to the crowbar-and-blowtorch part of the mod. The aluminum heatsinks under the fans have to come off too, but they're glued on with what is supposedly thermal-conductive epoxy. Judging by the quality of the final assembly, though, I'm guessing that the plant manager decided to cut corners and this stuff is really Elmers Wood Glue it's probably an excellent thermal insulator.

Fig 3

I tried to take a picture to show what this looks like, but it was hard to do with the camera that I was using. In Figure 3 you can just see a white line of glue between the heatsink and the processor what doesn't come through clearly is the fact that the heatsink has a nice air gap between it and the processor because they laid so much glue on during assembly. The next job is to get those heatsinks off.

Here's how. Get a 2-inch wide putty knife, like you'd use to scrape paint or apply spackle to a wall. Stand the board on a hard table surface, on it's top edge (the long edge without the connector strips) so that the processors are facing away from you. Carefully insert the tip of the putty knife into the gap between the heatsink and the processor (the pathetic thing is that there's actually plenty of room to get a putty knife into this space without fighting it). Push firmly on the handle of the knife to seat it in the gap. Now take a big screwdriver or a small hammer and give the handle of the putty knife two or three sharp raps (if you're using a screwdriver, hit the knife with the side of the screwdriver handle not the blade). The heatsink should pop right off. If it doesn't, twist the putty knife slightly to see if it'll pry loose, and if not, seat the knife again and give it another whack. Repeat for the other processor.

Here's what you should have now.

Fig 4

Fig 5

Now we're getting somewhere, but we've still got to get that crud off of the processors. It's hard as stone. Fortunately there's an easy way to get rid of it. For this next operation, you'll need a small can of acetone, a couple of clean, soft rags and an X-Acto or a razor knife.

Take a soft rag and soak part of it with acetone (Acetone is a widely used industrial solvent. It will dissolve many other substances and is highly volatile & highly flammable. These characteristics make it extremely useful and extremely dangerous to handle and use). Use it to apply the acetone to the gunk on top of one of the processors get plenty of acetone onto the gunk, but don't get it onto anything else. You may inadvertently get a little onto the green printed circuit board around the processor which will cause the surface to dull. That's not a problem but if you get too much on this area, it can expose the bare metal of the traces causing electrical shorts or open circuits either way, you'll destroy the card. So don't do it. Work carefully and neatly and you'll have no problems.

Like I was saying, soak the gunk on top of the processor with acetone and wait about 5-10 seconds. Then, take your X-Acto or razor knife and carefully shave off the topmost layers of gunk you'll find that the acetone has softened the stuff 'til it's like putty. Keep scraping until you hit a point where the gunk is stone-hard again. Then repeat the acetone-wait-scrape process. Eventually you'll get down to the point where there's just a thin transparent film of gunk left on top of the processor. When you get to this point, stop scraping and just clean it off completely with your acetone rag. Repeat the whole process for the other processor too. You're all done and can break for a beer when your Voodoo board looks like Figure 6.

Fig 6

Step 2 Applying The New Video Processor HSF Units

Now that you've got your V5 cleaned up, you're ready to start adding the new parts. The first thing to do is to attach the new coolers onto the V-100 graphics processors. Figures 7 & 8 show the units that I selected.

Fig 7

Fig 8

These coolers are made by a company called Tennmax, and you can order them directly via their Web site at www.tennmax.com. They're called the Stealth V3 Cooler and they're not cheap $20 a unit and you obviously need two of them for a V5, so the cost is probably roughly half or better of what you paid for a used V5 in the first place. There are other coolers on the market for this kind of application do a Google search on "video chip coolers" and you can probably get away with something at half the price of these two

The Tennmax units worked perfectly on the V5 (no surprise there Tennmax designed them for the Voodoo series) and even the mounting pins line up perfectly with the holes on the Voodoo 5500. They've got a nice stacked-plate design the total cooling area is achieved by interconnected aluminum plates and the fan pulls cooling air in across those plates. They really work, too. You can feel them get warm when the board has been under heavy load. The entire Tennmax HSF assembly takes up little more room than the size of the cooling fan. On a tightly-packed motherboard, this is an important consideration. Anyway, I paid my money and I've been very pleased with the results highly recommended.

Notice the gray area on the base of the unit shown in Figure 7. HSF manufacturers call this stuff phase change material it's meant to eliminate the need for applying thermal compound to the chip and HSF base before mounting.

Whenever you mount an HSF assembly to a chip, you've got to use something to fill in the tiny irregularities and scratches on both components. Otherwise, the trapped air in these voids will act as a thermal insulator and the HSF will not function to it's full design efficiency. The theory behind PCM is that, when the chip heats up under load, the material undergoes a phase change from solid to almost-liquid and this fills in all of the scratches and air gaps providing a perfect medium for heat transfer between chip and HSF. Every manufacturer claims to have "a secret formula that enables near-perfect heat transfer . . . yada yada yada" yeah, maybe. I'm an Arctic Silver guy myself, so this stuff always gets scrapped off and I never know if it works as claimed or not. For whatever it's worth, I've read other people's comments that say that the Tennmax PCM works pretty good. If you don't feel like messing around with thermal compound like I'm about to describe, go right ahead and skip forward to the part where I talk about mounting the units on the V-100 chips. Most manufacturers who OEM these kinds of parts will take advantage of the pre-applied PCM to eliminate an extra assembly step, so it has to work at least approximately as well as using thermal compound.

Important Note: Less is more here. To create a heat exchange interface between the top surface of the chip and the base of your HSF, you either use the phase change material, or you apply thermal compound, but don't do both! Smearing thermal compound on a PCM pad will just create a big mess and will actually transfer less heat than use of either alone.

OK, I'm going to get rid of the PCM and use Arctic Silver thermal compound instead. This is the best way that I know of to get maximum heat transfer from the chip to the HSF. Arctic Silver is the industry standard for high-grade thermal compound. You can get it from almost any Web site that sells computer cooling parts. I got mine from www.2cooltek.com when I ordered several other items used for this project. BTW, Arctic Silver manufactures a few different thermal compounds. At the time I did this project I used Arctic Siver II. Shortly after it was finished, they released Arctic Silver III. I have no idea what the difference is between the two versions, but if I was doing this today I'd get a tube of Arctic Silver III. I've still got plenty of AS II left over, though, and since it's got a near-infinite shelf life I'll probably be using it for years to come.

Removing the PCM is easy just start at one edge and carefully scrape it off with your fingernail. It's got a consistency like the gummy adhesive that's used to tack advertisements into magazines. You can see in Figure 9 that it rolls up into a neat ball. Don't use any kind of tool to do this the base of the Tennmax Stealth V3 is just a thin aluminum plate and if you scratch it, you'll have to polish it with fine grit sandpaper (like 600 and 1200 grit) to get it smooth again.

Fig 9

When you've got the PCM pad removed, wipe the base completely clean with a little acetone on a clean rag. You're ready to apply thermal compound to the V-100 chips and the HSFs and mount them to the board.

All thermal compounds are mostly silicon grease. Silicon grease is dielectric (a nonconductor of electricity) and doesn't change with age. It never "dries", you can lift off a heatsink that you put together five years ago and the grease will have the same consistency as the day you applied it. Arctic Silver takes this one step further by adding microfine particles of pure silver to the silicon grease. Silver is one of the best elements for conducting heat and Arctic Silver is measurably superior to other thermal compounds. One other point buy the smallest tube available (the 3 gram size from 2cooltek is enough to treat a pile of chips).

If you've never applied thermal compound before, I strongly suggest that you spend some time reading the articles on the Arctic Silver Web site at www.arcticsilver.com. It's not hard to do, but like anything else, it will be a whole lot easier if you understand what you're trying to accomplish before starting. Here are a few general guidelines then go over to arcticsilver.com and read their stuff too.

1. Arctic Silver thermal compound is approximately like thick silver paint. It's very easy to get it all over everything fingers, clothes, tools, areas of the board where you don't want it just by being careless. It can be wiped off completely with acetone, but better to work carefully to make sure it doesn't start spreading everywhere. Once you've finished applying thermal compound, be sure that you've got clean hands before you do anything else or you may find yourself smearing silver on everything you touch.

2. You aren't going to use very much at all. A chip with an uneven surface (like the V-100s on your Voodoo card) will require a "thick" coating of Arctic Silver. A thick coating is about as thick as a piece of common laser printing paper. On a very high quality chip package like an AMD or Intel microprocessor, you can apply a layer so thin that you can read the manufacturer's printing on the surface of the package through it. Thinner layers are better a too-thick layer of thermal compound will actually retain heat instead of conveying it to the HSF for dispersal.

3. Arctic Silver is not a conductor, but the combination of silver particles and silicon grease can act as a capacitor if it bridges two points with a voltage across them. This can produce strange side-effects or complete failures. Never get thermal compound onto chip leads, pc board traces or anywhere else that conducts electricity. If you get Arctic Silver on any of these areas, clean it off immediately with a Q-Tip and some acetone.

OK, assuming that you know what you're doing, here's what your V5 should look like just before you attach the Tennmax coolers.

Fig 10

My own technique for applying Arctic Silver is to put a small amount at the edge of the chip furthest away from me, then smear it over the surface of the chip by pulling it towards me with the edge of a paper business card. After the whole surface is buttered up, you can smooth it out with a few final wipes, and you're good to go.

Mounting the Tennmax coolers couldn't be easier. Start by applying a little Arctic Silver to their bases too. In this case, you should wipe almost all of it off you want to apply just enough so that the fine scratches in the surface of the aluminum pad are filled in with thermal compound. I don't have a picture of this, but you get the idea. When you've got the units prepared like this, you're ready to mount them to the board.

The Tennmax coolers come with plastic attachment pins, one for each of the diagonal ears that are part of the base of the cooler. You're going to push these pins through the corresponding mounting holes in the Voodoo 5500 board, then just continue pushing evenly on both pins simultaneously until the Tennmax unit is firmly attached to the V-100 chip. In Figure 11, I shamelessly ripped off pictures of these mounting pins from the Tennmax Web site. You can clearly see how these things work.

Fig 11

So, here's a summary of what to do next.

1. Position one of the Tennmax coolers directly above one of the V-100 graphic processor chips. Make sure that the mounting ears of the cooler are lined up with the corresponding holes on the Voodoo card (their are two holes per processor on diagonal corners). Start with the cooler rotated just slightly, so it's at an angle to the edge of the chip.

2. Lower the cooler until it makes contact with the V-100 Arctic Silver layer. As it makes contact, turn it slightly so that the edge of the cooler is now square with the edge of the chip. This will eliminate any small air pockets in the thermal compound. Push the cooler firmly onto the chip while making sure that the plastic pins fall into their holes. Be careful as you do this they don't call it thermal grease for nothing. The cooler will slide all over the top of the chip package if you push it off-center.

3. Use your thumbs to push down on the plastic pins until they lock tightly. Push both pins evenly and be careful not to get the cooler ****ed unevenly across the top of the chip package.

If you've done everything correctly, here's what it'll look like.

Fig 12

Fig 13

Fig 14

And that's it for the processors. All that's left is to heatsink the memory and clock generator chips.

Step 3 Heatsinking The Memory & Clock Generator Chips

Unlike the graphics processors, the memory and clock generator chips don't have conveniently-placed holes that we can use to anchor a heatsink. So, we'll need a different approach or two. TIme to get acquainted with some other ways to stick heatsinks onto chips.

BTW, unless I tell you otherwise, everything on this page heatsinks, thermal epoxy, frag tape can be had from www.2cooltek.com.

OK, let's take this one side of the card at a time, front first. Across the top of the card are four memory chips and the card's clock generator. I decided to use two 20 X 30 mm finned aluminum sinks, each one covering two memory chips, and a single 10 X 20 mm sink for the clock generator. The only prep these heatsinks needed was lapping with several grades of fine grit wet-or-dry sandpaper, finishing with 2000 grit wet for a near-mirror finish. I lap on a plate of glass, and the finished heatsinks are flat to within several ten-thousandths of an inch.

When I mounted the Tennmax HSFs on the graphics processors, I used Arctic Silver thermal compound since the HSFs got pinned right through the board there was no need to permanently glue the units onto the processors. In fact, you should never use the following techniques on a processor chip since you'll always use a HSF that's removable.

Anyway, recall that I mentioned that thermal compound never "dries", it always stays the same as the day you applied it. To mount the heatsinks on the memory and clock chips, we're going to switch to a thermal epoxy (or thermal adhesive), also made by Arctic Silver. As you can see in Figure 15, Arctic Silver Thermal Adhesive is a two-part epoxy. You mix equal quantities and you have about 10 minutes of work time before it begins to set up. I usually let it sit all night to finish curing completely. Once it's cured, you'll never get those sinks off of the chips without risking serious damage so be sure you've got everything just exactly the way you want it before it hardens. Here's a few tips on getting through this step.

1. Make sure that you're all set to work quickly once you've mixed up a batch of epoxy. You won't have enough time to chase down a tool or think about what to do next.

2. Check clearances inside your box before you glue anything down remember, this is permanent. Put the vid card into its AGP slot, then gently place the heatsinks on top of the chips exactly where they'll go when they're glued down. Check to see if you're hitting anything (when I do the back of the card, you'll see where I had to correct a problem just like this).

3. Just like thermal compound, thermal epoxy can have a capacitive effect if it bridges two points with a voltage across them. Only apply the adhesive to the mounting surfaces, never get it on a chip lead, trace, etc. Unlike thermal compound, thermal epoxy can't be wiped off after it's cured and it's even difficult to clean off completely when it's still pliable if you get it where it doesn't belong and it's causing strange side-effects or instabilities, the card is permanently damaged and is probably worthless.

4. Wipe both the chip surfaces and the base of the heat sinks off with acetone before gluing them together.

5. To avoid the situation described in 3, keep two things in mind while applying it. First, you don't need a lot a very thin layer will work best (remember, the thicker the layer, the worse the thermal conductivity). Never apply a layer thicker than a sheet of paper, just like with thermal compound. This will prevent the epoxy from oozing out between the two mating surfaces. Second, when you apply the epoxy, only apply it to the chip surface and lay on a stripe that stays about 1/16th of an inch off of the chip leads. Then you simply press the heatsink onto the chip, position it properly and hold it for a minute. That's it you should have no epoxy spreading out from between the heatsink and the chip, and when it cures completely it'll be permanently mounted.

Fig 15

Figure 16 shows the front side of my V5 with all of the sinks mounted.

Fig 16

Once you've got the front of the board finished, the very last thing is to get the back done too. The back side of a Voodoo 5500 has four memory chips on it, just like the front. It also has another area that is often totally neglected when OCing the board area directly beneath the graphics processors. Everybody knows you have to hang a big honkin' cooler onto the top of the processor, few people realize how much heat flows out of the bottom of the processor, heating up the epoxy printed circuit board and keeping the processor running warm. This is a very easy problem to fix on a vid card and we'll tackle it here.

You can see this area in Figure 17 (similar for both processors). The square open area ringed by discrete circuit elements is where we need to apply a heat sink. Fortunately, this area is just a fraction larger than 1/2 X 1/2 inch square fortunate because it allows you to easily fabricate a small heat sink that fits exactly.

Fig 17

In Figure 18 you can see the two small heat sinks I made. I took an old video processor heat sink that I had laying around from another project and, as it turned out, the sink was designed so that if I quartered it I would have four pieces almost exactly 1/2 inch square with 5 X 5 pins on each quarter piece perfect! After lappng the chip flat (easiest to do this before you cut it into small pieces), I used a Dremel tool with a thin cutting disc to do the slicing. A little clean-up with some sandpaper and the new heatsinks are good to go.

You don't want to apply thermal epoxy directly to the pc board that matrix of holes you can see in the area where we're going to put the heatsink are vias going all the way up to the bottom of the graphics processor. Not a good idea to get epoxy pushed up inside those holes. You need to get some frag tape for this last step. I used to know who named this stuff frag tape and why, but I've forgotten (probably in the archives at www.hardocp.com). It's actually made by 3M and they call it just plain old Thermal Tape. The stuff is double-sided thermally conductive plastic tape. It doesn't conduct heat as well as thermal compound or thermal epoxy, but it works well enough for an application like this (in fact, if you're a little squeamish about using thermal epoxy on the memory chips, go right ahead and frag tape everything. It won't be quite as good thermally, but it beats bare chips by a long shot).

To apply the frag tape and mount the heat sink to the board, first cut a piece of tape from your strip that's a little bigger than the base of the heatsink. Peel off the paper backing from one side and stick it onto the base of the heatsink. Press the heatsink firmly onto a smooth surface and make sure that you don't have any air bubbles trapped beneath the tape if you do, work them off the edge with your fingernail or peel off the tape and start over with a fresh piece. Now take some fine-grit sandpaper and sand the tape along the edges of the sink, cutting right through the paper backing and the tape. Do this all around the base of the heat sink and you'll have it covered perfectly with frag tape. Finally, peel off the remaining paper backing and press the heatsing onto the square area on the back of the card. Press hard and hold it for moment. That's it they're mounted. One nice thing about frag tape, you can remove it later if you need to.

Fig 18

Figure 19 shows the back of the V5 with all of the heatsinks mounted. Notice the big sink that's furthest away from the camera the fins are ground down at an angle. When I did a test fit of the board in my box, I noticed that this sink would hit one of the system's RAM modules and I'd never get the V5 to seat properly. Because I caught it before the chip got mounted to the Voodoo, the fix was easy. I just ran those fins over some 220 grit sandpaper until they were cut down far enough, then I finished up with finer grits to polish out the scratches and burrs. Since the sink is aluminum, it's soft as butter. In five minutes the chip was ready for mounting and cleared the RAM module just fine.

Fig 19

And that's it for the hardware mods to this card. Figures 20 and 21 are just a few more shots of the finished product. In Figure 20 you can see an edge-on view of the V-100 heatsinks when I've got the card OC'd to the max, they become very warm, especially the passive unit on the back of the board

You can also see the heatshrink tubing that I used to route the fan wires. Instead of using the stock power stakes from the original fan, I just ran the new fan wires into a single female power connector. You can barely see it, but notice how this connector is plugged into the Voodoo 5500's onboard power socket. You need to supply power to the card even if you're not running fans off of the power stakes. The card won't boot it's BIOS if it's not powered. So, you run the fans into this plug and the plug itself taps off of a Y-cable that's part of a larger circuit used to run the other case fans.

Fig 20

Fig 21

Software & Performance Benchmarks

I don't have the time to provide all of the details I had originally planned to include in this article about software, configuration settings and perfomance benchmarks. It'll just have to wait for another day (or month). But to get you started, here's some key info.

1. Not all software will work OC'd even when the board is stable. I was supremely disappointed to discover that after all this work, Red Baron 3D won't run overclocked by even a few MHz, much less at the full potential of the board. It's probably due to timing constraints that are hardcoded into the RB3D graphics engine. But on the upside, just about everything else I've tried not only runs, it runs very well with noticable performance benefits. I've had IL-2 running at 1024 X 768, 2X FSAA, with all detail options maxed out and it's as smooth as oil. I've also run Falcon 4.0 with the last Super Patch & gotten similar results. Other people have told me that Quake III and other games built on the Quake engine run great on an OC'd Voodoo 5500, but I haven't tested them myself. In general, I don't regret the time and money spent modding the card every so often I need the extra frames and it's good to know that it's available.

2. I'm running the stock 3dfx drivers, version 1.04.00, the last fully-released version before 3dfx went belly-up. My OS is Win 2K and Win 98 (I've got a removable drive system) although I'm running more and more Win 2K these days since it doesn't seem to have any problem supporting anything new. When I run IL-2 I use the Wicked GL minidriver for OpenGL to correct deficiencies in the original drivers, but it seems that these have disappeared from the Web recently so I'm not sure what a new user should do for 3dfx OpenGL support (the original drivers have some severe limitations).

3. You'll need two more add-on products to get the card working well in OC'd mode.

Gary Peterson's Voodoo5 Overclocker, version 1.2, dated November 12, 2000. You can get it here, from www.voodoofiles.com. This is the best utility I know of to enable and control overclocking on a Voodoo 5500. When you install it, you can go to the Display properties in the Windows Control Panel and select Advanced; you'll see a new properties tab that will allow you to set the Voodoo clock speed by moving a slider control. Don't know if it'll work with Win XP, seems to work with all earlier Win OSs.

Ruud Stijger's Voodoo4+ Runner, version 0.74b, dated March 25, 2001 (be sure to get this date rather than the earlier v. 0.74b, especially if you're running Win 2K). You can get it here, from www.glideunderground.com. This utility will add an icon to your systray and will allow you to custom-configure all of the major V5 settings for each game that you run. You can launch your games from the icon and V4+ Runner will switch all of the Voodoo setings to exactly where you want them before loading the game, then switch them back to your system defaults when you exit it. Not really necessary for overclocking, but extremely useful if you run any flavor of Voodoo card eliminates all of those visits to the 3dfx Hub and having to set a bunch of parameters that you can never remember to get your game to run right.

Hope this stuff helped. Good luck!!!


24 Posts

Posted - 25/04/2005 :  01:42:16  Show Profile  Visit Caravel's Homepage  Reply with Quote
It's a professionally done mod. Unfortunately it's also highly innacurate and he provides no benchmarks. It's quite obvious that after all his work and expense that he saw absolutely no difference in performance. Only one of his GPU's was getting OC'd so he was wasting his time and money. Also his advice for removing the heatsinks was dangerous to say the least, it is alot easier to put the card in the freezer first and then pop the heatsinks off with a broad bladed screwdriver. The old thermal transfer epoxy is more easily removed with a graffiti removal spray which has a thickener that stops it evaporating as acetone does.

A successful OC depends on the type of memory on the board, it is not worth modding or even OC'ing a non Hyundai card, by editing the BIOS, as it will start displaying artifacts at around 170-175Mhz. The performance differential on a card OC'd up to about 180MHz which is the most you can get up to safely, (ignore the 'fiction'), is negligable and is not really worth the effort. Buying a new card, unless you're a brand label worshipper, or can't afford one, is the best idea.
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1461 Posts

Posted - 25/04/2005 :  20:35:55  Show Profile  Visit ps47's Homepage  Send ps47 an AOL message  Send ps47 an ICQ Message  Reply with Quote
agreed.the only OC tool that overclocks both vsa-100 gpu's is the vsa-100 overclocker.with both gpu's overclocked,the card should recieve a noticeable speed boost (if you have a good memory,you should be able to go up to 190Mhz).

The 3Dfx Helppage and Game Guide / Voodoo3/4/5 enviromental variables

Edited by - ps47 on 25/04/2005 20:36:32
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Kreshna Aryaguna Nurzaman

121 Posts

Posted - 27/05/2005 :  12:47:36  Show Profile  Visit Kreshna Aryaguna Nurzaman's Homepage  Reply with Quote
A little bit OT, but isn't it considered bandwith stealing by linking the pics directly?

Nevertheless, it's a nice article indeed. I wonder why Patrick chose tennmax Lasagna, though. Are they the best cooling fans for Voodoo5? From what I read on some reviews (like this one), tenmax Lasagna ain't that good.


Delenn is the hottest sci-fi character ever.

The Galactic Empire vs the Borg vs the Goa'ulds vs the A'millans vs the Trollish Imperium vs the Ancient Guardians
The Phoenix War

Never buy a LiteOn CD Writer. Ever.
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38 Posts

Posted - 02/06/2005 :  16:46:14  Show Profile  Visit Avenger's Homepage  Send Avenger an ICQ Message  Reply with Quote
The most powerful cooler fitting on the V5 is the Titan TTC-CUV2AB. I've modded my card with two of those. I've also added heatsinks to the back of the card, twice the size used in the guide, with a narrowed base. RAM heatsinks are also in place, while I did not bother with the clock generator. The card runs 183 MHz stable, even in 40 C summer under maximum load. No artifacts whatsoever.
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228 Posts

Posted - 04/06/2005 :  04:34:07  Show Profile  Visit ArchAngelCD's Homepage  Send ArchAngelCD an ICQ Message  Reply with Quote
From what I see those HS/fans aren't Tennmax Lasagna's, they are TennMax Stealth V3 Fighter's.

IMO, the Stealth V3 Fighter is the BEST fan for the Voodoo3/Voodoo5 EVER! Read about them here: http://tennmax.com/voodoo3/stealth_v3.htm


Asus P4P800 i865PE | Intel 3.2 GHz P4C | 2048 Mb Kingston PC3200 Dual Channel DDR SRAM | 160 Gb Western Digital SATA HD | NEC ND-3520 16X DVD-RW | WinXP Pro SP2 | ATI Radeon X850 Pro | 6-channel AD1985 audio CODEC | 3Com 3C940 Gigabit LAN | Diamond Monster 3D II 24Mb SLI
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508 Posts

Posted - 04/06/2005 :  17:03:25  Show Profile  Visit Rolo01's Homepage  Reply with Quote
I did this mod about 3 years ago, those coolers are not bad, but they have a BIG disadvantage : They are very noisy !
So if I had to do it again, I would choose a different cooler...
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58 Posts

Posted - 05/06/2005 :  08:17:57  Show Profile  Visit BFG3dfx's Homepage  Reply with Quote
those coolers are old, but what does it matter, really its about what you want, almost anything including the heatsinks that come on the vsa 100's can be better by using good thermal paste, the glue thats on there is a waste. ive run my v5 with toshiba ram at 200 for 2 passes of 2001se with no problem 203 or 204 was max,i feel bad for ppl who feel because there card would not o/c think nobodies will because that aint the case, im hoping my latest mod will take me to 210, if it doesnt oh well no biggie ill just keep trying. as for removel of heatsinks, ive been putting mine in freezer for about 45 min. to an hour and pulling em off with pliers for a few years now without a hitch. while im at it, this is voodoo land and anything but a voodoo would never do, like having a 60's mustang fastback and someone saying the new corvette does this or that, who cares.

you live on your knees im gonna die on my feet.

caifornia native
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183 Posts

Posted - 18/07/2005 :  08:29:15  Show Profile  Visit ahavasi's Homepage  Click to see ahavasi's MSN Messenger address  Reply with Quote
Nice mod. I have only have mem coolers on my ATi 9800se @ pro :)
I dont want to mod my original V5. My V5 has Toshiba ram. Is it good for OC?

AMD Athlon64 3200+@4200+, MSI K8N Neo4-F, 1gb Supertalent 480mhz, VooDoo 5 5500 Mac@PC
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348 Posts

Posted - 18/07/2005 :  11:55:33  Show Profile  Visit Raff3DC's Homepage  Reply with Quote
Over 200 MHz with VSA-100, BFG3dfx, only after modded cooling? Nice card! Mine now works at 190 MHz with two Titan CUV2AB, but that's definitely the end, although the card is "ice-cold". Anyone got a Vmod? X-D


The biggest Voodoo5 6000 test ever: http://3dcenter.de/artikel/voodoo5-6000/
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58 Posts

Posted - 21/07/2005 :  00:45:18  Show Profile  Visit BFG3dfx's Homepage  Reply with Quote
ya that was with the gforce4 copper coolers, ive never tried anything on the ram cause it dont seem to get hot enough but on my next mod ive got them covered, id like to see the vmod in english worked out, i hear about it but havent seen it yet, has anyone here done it?

you live on your knees im gonna die on my feet.

caifornia native
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Vanilias Ronk


67 Posts

Posted - 10/08/2005 :  10:32:09  Show Profile  Visit Vanilias Ronk's Homepage  Reply with Quote
I've got one question. I changed my FSB/AGP freq from 133/66 to 147/74, but every program say my Voodoo 5 runs at 166 MHz instead of 183 (Everest, V.Control). Is clockgenerator AGP freq independent? Or any program isn't interested in AGP freq?
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348 Posts

Posted - 10/08/2005 :  12:37:23  Show Profile  Visit Raff3DC's Homepage  Reply with Quote
Which Voodoo5? Every Retail-5500 should run @ 166/166 ... but there are some V5 6000 cards that work @ 183 MHz.

AGP speed has nothing to do with the GPU frequency. But due to the overcloking of the AGP, you can expect a (very little) performance boost.

Greetings from Germany,

The biggest Voodoo5 6000 test ever: http://3dcenter.de/artikel/voodoo5-6000/

Edited by - Raff3DC on 10/08/2005 12:38:52
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Vanilias Ronk


67 Posts

Posted - 10/08/2005 :  13:33:36  Show Profile  Visit Vanilias Ronk's Homepage  Reply with Quote
This card came to me with 1.06 BIOS, AAVID coolers, now 1.18 BIOS, Zalman NB47J and ram heatsinks, it has Toshiba rams.
I heard about AGP@card freq dependence years ago. Looks like it's mare's nest. :)
I think AGP overclocking isn't too little performance boost in some cases due to AGP 1x (rather PCI66) data transfer.
Thank you!

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Vanilias Ronk


67 Posts

Posted - 10/08/2005 :  13:39:46  Show Profile  Visit Vanilias Ronk's Homepage  Reply with Quote
The card is full of holes at the back side of VSA-100 chips, doesn't cause it problem to place there a heatsink? This place is quite hot, so it should be really good to cool a bit better.

Edited by - Vanilias Ronk on 10/08/2005 14:30:53
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Vanilias Ronk


67 Posts

Posted - 10/08/2005 :  14:28:57  Show Profile  Visit Vanilias Ronk's Homepage  Reply with Quote
I overclocked my card, with original BIOS ram made errors at 183MHz already in 2D, with modifid doesn't, but 3DMark 2001SE freeze, at 180MHz works fine.
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